One of the questions I am asked the most lately is “what is the difference between a retirement plan and a retirement income plan?”
In my practice, I define “retirement plan” as a strategy to accumulate the wealth needed to retire at a certain age, with a defined income goal. I work with people to identify their projected budget at retirement, how much they need to start saving today, where they should be saving those dollars and then recommend the investments vehicles that could work with those saved dollars.
Often times, the dollars don’t match their goals. By that I mean, they have lofty ambitions and either don’t have the money they will need to set aside each month to realistically achieve that goal or they have the money but they don’t want to stop spending today to free up that money for saving and investing. So we work through more realistic scenarios to find a happy medium. Once a plan of action is decided on, then we work through where and how to invest the savable dollars they are willing to commit to their retirement plan. For this work I charge a fee of $600.
When someone is close to or at retirement, then we start talking retirement income plan. I define “retirement income plan” as a strategy to turn one’s lifetime of savings into income that is meant to last their lifetime. In fact, I wrote a guide with virtually the same title – see the right margin of this site for how to get a FREE, no obligation, electronic copy of that guide. So now we are using a different set of tools and strategies to not just focus on growing ones assets, but preserving them and making sure one doesn’t run out of money. This requires a specialized skill set which I have studied and honed for over 20 years.
After spending about 25 minutes or so with someone on the phone, we can usually determine if a retirement income plan is a good fit at that time. If it is, I get started crunching numbers to see what they can realistically spend in retirement. Determine if there are any income gaps. Educate them on strategies to increase their retirement readiness. Work to find out which Social Security claiming strategy would be a good fit for them. Provide advice if retirement is not in the cards at their desired stage based on their goals and spending habits. That entails solving for how much more they need to save, how much longer they may need to work or show them how much they can afford to spend from their assets and let them decide if they can make it work if they truly want to retire right away. For this work I charge a fee of $600.
I wish I could say that every person that comes to me is ready to retire right away and start enjoying their Golden Years. Thankfully, many come in before they quit their job or make other irrevocable decisions with things like a pension plan. Sadly, some come in after they are done working and ask how I can make a small sum of money provide a large income and do it for 30 years.
There are many other things that go into setting up a retirement income plan – such as cash flow, debt management, how the estate should be handled should they pass away, how will very large bills like assisted living, in-home or nursing home care be handled, etc. But in summary, I break the retirement income plan into 3 parts. An income plan, a tax plan* and an investment plan.
So there you have it. Hopefully now you know the difference between a retirement plan and a retirement income plan – at least as how I define them.